3. Human and biosphere exposure pathways

Air-borne radioactive materials are both intentional and inadvertent outcomes of various phases of the nuclear fuels and nuclear weapons production and deployment cycles. The proliferation, over the past 12 years, of the deployment of weapons comprising uranium and its byproducts poses significant health hazards. These weapons produce ballistically pulverized and thermally aerosolized particulate transported by the air and subsequently inhaled and filtered out of the air by the lungs. The result is acute contamination at the target site and downwind due to immediate exposure to the airborne particulate and later, chronic contamination of the environment following mesospheric settlement and mechanical re-suspension of the contaminant..